schmid {psych} R Documentation

Apply the Schmid Leiman transformation to a correlation matrix

Description

One way to find omega is to do a factor analysis of the original data set, rotate the factors obliquely, do a Schmid Leiman transformation, and then find omega. Here is the code for Schmid Leiman. The S-L transform takes a factor or PC solution, transforms it to an oblique solution, factors the oblique solution to find a higher order (g ) factor, and then residualizes g out of the the group factors.

Usage

```schmid(model, nfactors = 3, fm = "pa",digits=2,rotate="oblimin",n.obs=NA,...)
```

Arguments

 `model` A correlation matrix `nfactors` Number of factors to extract `fm` fm="pa" for principal axes, fm="pc" for principal components, fm = "minres" for minimum residual (OLS), pc="mle" for maximum likelihood `digits` if digits not equal NULL, rounds to digits `rotate` The default, oblimin, produces somewhat more correlated factors than the alternative, simplimax. The third option is the promax criterion `n.obs` Number of observations, used to find fit statistics if specified. Will be calculated if input is raw data `...` Allows additional parameters to be passed to the factoring routines

Details

Schmid Leiman orthogonalizations are typical in the ability domain, but are not seen as often in the non-cognitive personality domain. S-L is one way of finding the loadings of items on the general factor for estimating omega.

A typical example would be in the study of anxiety and depression. A general neuroticism factor (g) accounts for much of the variance, but smaller group factors of tense anxiety, panic disorder, depression, etc. also need to be considerd.

An alternative model is to consider hierarchical cluster analysis techniques such as `ICLUST`.

Requires the GPArotation package.

Although 3 factors are the minimum number necessary to define the solution uniquely, it is occasionally useful to allow for a two factor solution. This is done here by setting the general factor loadings between the two lower order factors as the sqrt(oblique correlations between the factors). A warning message is issued.

Value

 `sl ` loadings on g + nfactors group factors, communalities, uniqueness `orthog ` original orthogonal factor loadings `oblique` oblique factor loadings `phi ` correlations among the transformed factors `gload ` loadings of the lower order factors on g

...

William Revelle

References

http://personality-project.org/r/r.omega.html gives an example taken from Jensen and Weng, 1994 of a S-L transformation.

`omega`, `omega.graph`, `fa.graph`, `ICLUST`,`VSS`
```jen <- sim.hierarchical()  #create a hierarchical demo